Carex vulpinoidia - Fox Sedge is a perennial herb with a thickened root stalk that can reach 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found in moist soils
and full sun areas such as woods, stream banks, prairies, and wetlands. This sedge commonly ranges from low to middle elevations
throughout the Willamette Valley.
To identify this sedge, look for elongated spikes containing 10 or more spikelets with the lowest one having a long slender bract. The stems
are erect and slender with a triangular shape and rough edges.
This plant is best used in open, moist areas that are in need of erosion control.
Carex vesicaria - Inflated Sedge is a large clumping sedge which will reach 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found in perennially wet areas at
low to middle elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.
This plant is identifiable by its sheaths, which are shreddy becoming web-like. The perigynia is many ribbed and reddish in color with a
This is a perfect plant for use in sites which remain wet year round.
Carex unilateralis - One-Sided Sedge is a dense tufted perennial sedge that reaches 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found in full sun with
seasonally wet soils of wetlands, creeks, and stream banks throughout the Willamette Valley at low to middle elevations.
To identify this sedge, look for dense ascending spikelets, which are reddish in color and often awned.
This sedge is best used in sites that are flooded seasonally where it will help in controling erosion.
Carex stipata - Sawbeak Sedge is a densely tufted sedge that reaches 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It can be found in wet ditches, clearings and
streamsides at low elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.
This sedge is identifiable by its flat yellowish green leaves and inflorescences of stackless dense, thick, oblong clusters.
This sedge is great for sites where the soils remain moist to wet throughout the season.
Carex obnupta - Slough Sedge is a densely tufted sedge that reaches 1.5 meters (5 feet) in height. It prefers wet soils and full sun at low
elevations. This sedge can be found throughout the Willamette Valley in bogs, stream banks, forest openings and meadows.
To identify this sedge, look for purple sheaths that shred with inflorescences on short erect stalks.
This is a perfect plant for sites with wetlands in shady or open areas.
Carex scoparia - Pointed Broom Sedge is a perennial herb that reaches 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found in prairies, wetlands, creeks and
stream banks in wet soils and full sun. This sedge is common throughout the Willamette Valley at low to middle elevations.
This sedge is characterized by its partially overlapping, pointed spikelets, thickened rootstocks, erect slender stem that is rough to the touch,
and elongated, narrow, smooth leaves.
This is a perfect plant for sites with wetlands in an open area.
Trees and Shrubs
Carex deweyana - Dewey Sedge is a loosely tufted sedge that can reach 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found in open alluvial forests and
clearings at low to middle elevations. This sedge prefers moist soils and partial to full sun throughout the Willamette Valley.
Dewey Sedge has weak spreading stems with flat thin leaves. The inflorescence are 2-6 spikes which form a loose head.
Perfect for restoration sites, as it will quickly spread to cover the ground, holding the soil and preventing erosion, yet easily make way for other
natives to establish themselves.
|Scholls Valley Native Nursery, LLC
PO Box 231088
Tigard, OR 97281
Carex rostrata - Beaked Sedge is a perennial sedge that ranges from 30 - 120 cm (11-47 inches) in height. It is found in open, wet habitats,
such as swamps, marshes, and wet meadows.
The female flower spikes form a tight head of inflated fruits 2.5 - 7.5 cm long, and are subtended by a leaf-like bract. Leaves are 0.5 - 1.5 cm
This species spreads colonially by short rhizomes, forming large clusters. It is a great choice for sites with wetlands in an open area.
Carex pachystachya – Thick-Headed Sedge is a perennial, tufted sedge that ranges from 20-50 cm (8-20 inches) in height. It prefers open,
wet to moderately wet sites.
The flower spikes form a dense head 1-2.5 cm across, and are subtended by a narrow bract. Leaves are 2-4 mm wide.
Thick-headed sedge is a great choice for wet prairies, or other open sites that hold water much of the year.
Carex aperta - Columbia Sedge is a perennial that reaches 1 meter (3 feet) in height. It is found throughout the Willamette Valley at low to
middle elevations. This is a wetland sedge that prefers wet soils and mostly sunny areas such as creeks, ponds and streams.
The most distinguishing characteristic of this plant is its inflorescence. The color is a purple violet and the plant blooms from early spring until
This plant is best used in wetland areas to stabilize the soil and help with erosion control issues.
Carex densa - Dense Sedge is a very dense perennial that reaches 70 centimeters (28 inches) in height. It is found in moist, shaded soils
along stream banks, creeks and wetlands throughout the Willamette Valley at low to middle elevations.
To identify this plant, look for dense clumps of sedge with inflorescence of a solitary spike of multiple, awnless flowers.
Because Dense Sedge can tolerate a wide range of fluctuating water levels, this plant is perfect for sites that periodically flood and dry out.
Cimicifuga elata - Tall Bugbane is a tall perennial that reaches 2 meters (7 feet) in height. It prefers moist, shaded forests at low to middle
elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.
Tall Bugbane has branched stems, large compound leaves and numerous, small white flowers. The flowers are grouped into narrow terminal
branched inflorescences. The flowers themselves have a very unpleasant odor.
This plant is an important species for the understory to forested sites throughout the Willamette Valley.