Eleocharis palustris - Creeping Spike-Rush is a clustered perennial that can reach 1 meter (3 feet) in height.  It is found in wet ditches and
meadows at low to middle elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.

This spike-rush has dark brown rhizomes with reddish sheaths at the base.  The inflorescence is a solitary terminal spikelet.

This is an important species for wetland habitats throughout the Pacific Northwest.
Plant Description
Trees and Shrubs
Scholls Valley Native Nursery, LLC
PO Box 231088
Tigard, OR 97281

Phone: 503.624.1766
Fax: 503.624.2766
Claytonia sibirica - Spring beauty is a herbaceous annual to perennial that reaches a spreading.  10-40 cm (4-16 inches) in height.  It is
commonly found in forest understories and other moist, shady places throughout the Pacific Northwest.  

This species has fleshy leaves and stems, sessile leaves, and white to pink flowers that are present throughout the spring and into the

Spring beauty is a great species to add diversity and brightness to understory plantings.  
Cynoglossum grande - Pacific Hound's Tongue is a stout perennial that reaches 20-80 cm (8-31 inches) tall.  It is found in shaded or open
woodlands throughout the Willamette Valley.

Pacific Hound's Tongue has striking blue flowers atop leaves that reach 8-18 cm (3-7 inches) long.  

This is a great species for herbaceous color and will attract pollinators.  
Daucus pusillus - American Wild Carrot is a slender annual that reaches 70 centimeters (28 inches) in height.  It occurs in dry, open, rocky
or grassy sites at low elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.

The leaves of this plant are fern-like and lacy.  The flowers are minute and occur in small clusters, called umbellets, which are grouped
into one large umbel.

This plant is an important component for meadow plant diversity.
Delphinium trolliifolium - Columbian Larkspur is a perennial that grows to 1.5 meters in height.  It prefers moist, shaded to partly sunny areas
throughout the Willamette Valley.

Columbian larkspur is identified by their dark blue flowers with white inner petals and a long nectar spur off the back.

This plant is a beautiful addition to any site and will help attract many native pollinators.
Dicentra formosa - Pacific Bleeding Heart is a showy perennial that reaches 50 centimeters (20 inches) in height.  It prefers shaded moist
areas like forests, ravines, and stream banks at low to middle elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.

Bleeding Hearts are distinguishable by their basal, long-stalked and much divided leaves as well as their heart-shaped pinkish purple flowers.  
The flowers bloom from early spring through late summer and have a light fragrance.

This herb is an important understory species for our native forested habitats.
Disporum hookeri - Hooker's Fairy Bells are beautiful perennials that reach 1 meter (3 feet) in height.  They prefer moist, shaded coniferous or
mixed forests at low elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.

The leavers are oval to lance-shaped with pointed tips.  The flowers are white, narrow bell-shaped and hang from the bottom for the branches.  
In the summer, the flowers produce bright orange egg-shaped berries.

This is an important understory species for forests of the Pacific Northwest.  Hooker's Fairy Bells are often associated with False Solomon
Seal and Wood Sorrel.
Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed is so named because it often colonizes sites that have recently burned. Its height ranges from 1-3 meters
(3-9 feet). It is found in open areas from sea level to subalpine elevations.

This flowering species is identified by lance-shaped leaves, flowers with 4 purple petals, and long narrow fruit capsules that release fluffy
seeds that are carried by the wind.  

Fireweed will spread by rhizomes to form medium to large patches.  It is a great addition to sunny, open areas throughout the region.
Eriophyllum lanatum - Oregon Sunshine is a woolly perennial that reaches 60 centimeters (24 inches) in height. It prefers dry, sunny habitats
such as bluffs and rocky slopes at low to middle elevations throughout the Willamette Valley.

This plant is most identifiable by its woolly stems, bright yellow ray flowers and narrowly lobed leaves.

An excellent species to use in dry, open sites as a ground cover and food source for pollinators.
Eryngium petiolatum - Coyote Thistle is a perennial herb that reaches 0.5 meters (1.5 feet) in height. It is found in vernal pools or depressions
that are flooded in the spring, but dry by late summer. This herb prefers wetlands, moist prairies and meadows with full sun exposure
throughout the Willamette Valley at low to middle elevations.

Coyote thistle is not a true thistle, but it is prickly. To identify this species, look for a plant that has a silvery thistle look with leaves as well as
bracts around the flower having bristle-toothed edges. It has a heavy, stout stem densely branched on the upper half. The stems are smooth,
but the leaves are divided into sharp lobes on each side of a midrib. The flowers are clustered on an egg-shaped head.

This species is best used in seasonally flooded sites. Coyote Thistle can discourage browsing by animals in the area as the sharp prickles
make them unappetizing.
Erythronium oregonum - Trout Lily is a perennial herb that reaches 30 centimeters (12 inches) in height. It is found in well-drained, partially
shaded areas throughout the Willamette Valley. This herb occurs in grassy areas or rocky open woodlands at low elevations.

This plant is recognizable by its basal paired leaves, which are mottled with dark green and brown, and the large white flower at the end of its
stem. The flower is white, nodding over its stem, and its tepals bent back.

This species is great to use in grassy, meadow projects.
Festuca subulata - Bearded Fescue is a tufted perennial that can reach 1 meter (3 feet) tall. It is found throughout the Willamette Valley at low to
middle elevations. This grass prefers moist soils with partial shade exposure in forests, river banks, clearings and meadows.

To identify this grass, look for flat, hairless blades that are fringed at the tip with hair. The inflorescence is panicle in shape with loose, open,
drooping branches in twos or threes.

This is an excellent species to use in restoration sites that have moist, open spaces. Bearded Fescue provides a food source for many types of